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Statistics published by the U. S. Department of Commerce (1980) indicate that in 1977 we spent 8. 1% of our gross national product (GNP) on life, health, property-casualty, and other forms of insurance. An additional 5. 7% was used to pay the Social Security tax, which is another form of insurance premium, for a total of 14. 8% of the GNP. Although insurance had its historical origin in marine insurance, it has now developed into one of the major industries of the American economy and extends into many areas of economic activity. One area where growth has been particularly strong is the medical sector. Health insurance is a major institution in all industrialized countries. It became a government responsibility in 1883 when Bismarck intro- duced a compulsory program of health insurance for industrial workers in Germany. Programs for workers in various industrial and income categories soon followed in other European countries-Austria (1888), Hungary (1891), Norway (1909), Servia (1910), Great Britain (1911), and Russia and Romania (1912) (Rubinow, 1913:250). Programs in these countries were extended in subsequent years, and other countries in Europe followed with their own programs. Consequently, today most industrial countries have universal or near-universal health insurance coverage. In the United States the issue of national health insurance has been seriously debated since just prior to World War I, and polling data since the 1930s show that a substantial majority of the public has been supportive of such a program (Erskine, 1975).
Discover the essential tool to prepare for a career in medical insurance billing -- UNDERSTANDING HEALTH INSURANCE, 13E. This comprehensive, easy-to-understand, updated book presents the latest code sets and guidelines. You cover today's most important topics, such as managed care, legal and regulatory issues, coding systems, reimbursement methods, medical necessity, and common health insurance plans. Updates introduce new legislation that impacts health care, including the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare); ICD-10-CM coding; electronic health records; Medicaid Integrity Contractors; case mix management; hospital-acquired conditions; present on admission; and value-based purchasing. Practice exercises and the workbook (available separately) provides application-based assignments and case studies to reinforce your understanding, as well as CMRS, CPC-P, and CPB Mock Exams. New editions include online access to SimClaim CMS-1500 claims completion software and Optum's EncoderPro.com Expert.
A comprehensive guide designed to help consumers understand the American health insurance system so that they can obtain the benefits to which they are entitled. Epstein explains the ins and outs of both new and traditional health insurance plans, including traditional individual and group policies, HMOs and other types of managed care plans, self-funded plans, Medicare, Medicare HMOs, Medigap, long-term care, COBRA, CHAMPUS, and Medical Savings Accounts.
Written by a nationally syndicated columnist, this useful volume also deals with special health insurance issues related to children, adults with special needs, and individuals who may need long-term care. In addition, Epstein provides valuable information for individuals who are in the process of changing jobs or making changes in their marital or family status, choosing a health insurance plan, or arranging long-term care-including placement in a nursing home or an assisted-living facility-for an aging parent. The book has a practical focus with a variety of tables and worksheets to help consumers establish a system for preventing health insurance problems, and for dealing with any health insurance problems that may arise. It also contains answers to common questions about health insurance, and provides a list of organizations that offer detailed information and advice in regard to specific health insurance problems.
With powerful, clearly written advice on how to control and to reduce dramatically unemployment insurance compensation taxes, here is an authoritative, useful guide to the UIC system. The authors draw upon their extensive experience to detail intricacies and pitfalls in the UIC system; they provide principles and strategies to help employers avoid them. With information on documenting and warning employees in cases where discharge may be imminent, proper use of the information in this book can help protect a company against unwarranted UIC tax charges. The authors also guide employers through the appeals process, demonstrating how to prepare, organize, and present a UIC case. Also included are myths and misconceptions about the UIC system, a look inside a local UIC office, and in-depth examination of how to deal with the UIC decision process, from the local office to the highest level of administrative appeal. This guide is an indispensible tool for anyone involved in hiring, discharging, or dealing with unemployment issues. Complete with sample forms and letters, a sample script of a typical UIC hearing, and comprehensive glossary, Controlling Unemployment Insurance Costs is a unique resource for employers in the private sector, and can also be used effectively by federal, state, and local government agencies. Human resource managers in universities and schools, non-profit organizations, and attorneys and paralegals will also find it valuable.
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